Although the impact of severe fetal alcohol exposure during pregnancy on brain development has long been recognized, an article in the March, 2007 issue of Pediatrics presents the results of a study examining the role that heavy prenatal alcohol exposure may play in child psychiatric disorders. The study matched 39 children with a history of prenatal exposure with 30 non-exposed children for age, gender, and socioeconomic status. Results indicated significant group differences with respect to incidence of ADHD, depressive disorders, oppositional defiant/conduct disorders, and specific phobias. The largest effect was for incidence of ADHD.
The study abstract can be found here. The full-length study is also available.